How to Make French Macarons: Step-by-Step Instructions for Delicious Macarons

How to Make French Macarons: Step-by-Step Instructions for Delicious Macarons

French macarons are a delicate and delicious dessert that can be intimidating to make at home. However, with the right ingredients and techniques, anyone can create these delightful treats. As a professional baker with years of experience, I’ve perfected my recipe and am excited to share my step-by-step instructions with you.


Before we dive into the recipe, let’s take a look at the ingredients you’ll need:

  • 1 cup powdered sugar
  • 3/4 cup almond flour
  • 2 large egg whites, room temperature
  • 1/4 cup granulated sugar
  • 1/4 tsp cream of tartar
  • Pinch of salt
  • Food coloring (optional)


In addition to the ingredients, you’ll need some equipment:

  • Parchment paper
  • Piping bag
  • Large round piping tip
  • Baking sheets
  • Mixing bowls
  • Hand mixer or stand mixer
  • Sifter

My Experience

I’ve been making French macarons for years and have experimented with different recipes and techniques to find the perfect combination. Through trial and error, I’ve learned what works and what doesn’t, and I’m excited to share my tips with you.

Tip Description
Use room temperature egg whites Room temperature egg whites whip up better and create a more stable meringue.
Sift the dry ingredients Sifting the powdered sugar and almond flour together ensures a smooth and even macaron shell.
Let the piped macarons rest before baking Allowing the macarons to rest for 30-60 minutes before baking helps to create a smooth and shiny shell.

With these tips and my step-by-step instructions, you’ll be able to make delicious French macarons right in your own kitchen.

Ingredients for Macaron Shells

For making French Macarons, the following ingredients are necessary:

Ingredients Quantity
Almond flour 1 ½ cups
Confectioners’ sugar 1 cup
Granulated sugar 3/4 cup
Egg whites 3 large
Gel food coloring (optional) As needed

Notes on Ingredients:

  • Almond flour: It is better to use blanched almond flour, which has no skin. Avoid using almond meal, as it is coarser and has the skin intact, which can make the macarons lumpy.
  • Confectioners’ sugar: It is also known as powdered sugar or icing sugar. Make sure there are no lumps in the sugar.
  • Granulated sugar: White granulated sugar is fine.
  • Egg whites: Use egg whites that are at room temperature. It is best to use eggs that have been separated a few days before, as the whites will have less moisture.
  • Gel food coloring: Do not use liquid food coloring, as it can add too much moisture to the macaron batter. Gel food coloring is concentrated and does not add any extra liquid.

Ingredients for Filling

The following ingredients are necessary for the filling of French Macarons:

Ingredients Quantity
Butter 1/2 cup (1 stick), at room temperature
Confectioners’ sugar 1 1/2 cups
Heavy cream 2 tablespoons
Salt A pinch
Flavoring (optional) As needed

Notes on Ingredients:

  • Butter: Use unsalted butter, as it is easier to control the salt content of the filling. The butter should be at room temperature for easy mixing.
  • Confectioners’ sugar: Make sure there are no lumps in the sugar.
  • Heavy cream: It is optional, but it can add a creamy texture to the filling. Use it sparingly, as too much can make the filling runny.
  • Salt: A pinch of salt can enhance the flavor of the filling. Use sea salt or kosher salt.
  • Flavoring: You can add any flavoring to the filling, such as vanilla extract, almond extract, or fruit puree. Use a small amount, as too much can make the filling runny.


Before you start making macarons, it’s important to have the right equipment on hand. Here are the essential tools you’ll need:

1. Kitchen Scale

Accurate measurements are crucial when making macarons, so it’s important to have a kitchen scale. Measuring ingredients by weight rather than volume will ensure consistent results every time. Look for a scale that can measure in grams and ounces.

2. Mixing Bowls

You’ll need at least two mixing bowls: one for the dry ingredients and one for the wet ingredients. Use bowls that are large enough to comfortably mix the ingredients without spilling.

3. Sifter

Sifting the dry ingredients is an important step in making macarons. A fine-mesh sifter will remove any lumps and ensure the ingredients are well combined.

4. Stand Mixer or Hand Mixer

You’ll need a mixer to beat the egg whites to stiff peaks. A stand mixer is ideal, but a hand mixer can also be used.

5. Rubber Spatula

A rubber spatula is essential for folding the dry ingredients into the egg whites. Look for a spatula that is flexible and has a wide surface area.

6. Piping Bag and Tips

A piping bag and tips are necessary for shaping the macarons. Look for a piping bag that is sturdy and can handle thick batter. A round tip is the most commonly used for macarons, but you can also use a star tip for a different look.

7. Baking Sheets and Parchment Paper

You’ll need baking sheets and parchment paper to bake the macarons. Look for baking sheets that are heavy-duty and can withstand high heat. Parchment paper will prevent the macarons from sticking to the baking sheets.

8. Food Processor or Blender

If you’re making your own almond flour, you’ll need a food processor or blender to grind the almonds into a fine powder.

9. Oven Thermometer

An oven thermometer is important to ensure the oven is at the correct temperature. Most ovens have a temperature variance, so an oven thermometer will help you adjust the temperature accordingly.

10. Cooling Rack

A cooling rack will help the macarons cool quickly and evenly after they come out of the oven. Look for a rack that is sturdy and has a wide surface area.

Summary of Essential Equipment
Equipment Why It’s Essential
Kitchen Scale Accurate measurements for consistent results
Mixing Bowls Separate bowls for dry and wet ingredients
Sifter Removes lumps and ensures even mixing
Stand Mixer or Hand Mixer Beats egg whites to stiff peaks
Rubber Spatula Folds dry ingredients into egg whites
Piping Bag and Tips Shapes macarons
Baking Sheets and Parchment Paper Bakes macarons without sticking
Food Processor or Blender Makes almond flour
Oven Thermometer Ensures oven is at correct temperature
Cooling Rack Cools macarons quickly and evenly

Step 1: Preparing the Ingredients

Before you start making French macarons, it’s important to have all the ingredients ready and measured out accurately. This will ensure that your macarons turn out perfectly and have the right texture and flavor.

Measuring the Ingredients

French macarons require precise measurements, so it’s essential to use a kitchen scale to weigh out the ingredients. Using measuring cups and spoons can lead to inaccurate measurements, which can affect the final outcome of your macarons.

Here are the ingredients you’ll need:

  • 100 grams of almond flour
  • 100 grams of powdered sugar
  • 100 grams of egg whites (aged for at least 24 hours)
  • 100 grams of granulated sugar
  • Food coloring (optional)

Make sure to weigh out each ingredient carefully and have them ready before you start making the macarons.

Sifting the Dry Ingredients

Once you’ve measured out the almond flour and powdered sugar, it’s important to sift them together to remove any lumps and ensure a smooth texture. Sifting also helps to aerate the dry ingredients, which is important for creating the right texture in your macarons.

Use a fine mesh sieve to sift the almond flour and powdered sugar together into a bowl. If you notice any large lumps, use a spatula to push them through the sieve.

Tip: For an extra smooth texture, you can sift the dry ingredients twice.

Once you’ve sifted the dry ingredients, set them aside and move on to the next step of making French macarons.

Step 2: Making the Macaron Batter

Now that you have prepared the ingredients and equipment, it’s time to start making the macaron batter. The batter is the heart of the macaron, so it’s important to follow the steps carefully to ensure you get the perfect result. Here are the three main steps to making the macaron batter:

Mixing the dry ingredients

The first step is to mix the dry ingredients together. This includes almond flour, powdered sugar, and any other dry ingredients you may be using, such as cocoa powder or matcha powder. Sift the dry ingredients together into a large mixing bowl. This will help to remove any lumps and ensure that the dry ingredients are evenly mixed.

Whipping the egg whites

The second step is to whip the egg whites. This is a crucial step as it creates the structure of the macaron. Use a stand mixer or electric hand mixer to whip the egg whites until they form stiff peaks. To ensure that the egg whites whip up properly, make sure that the mixing bowl and whisk are completely clean and free of any grease or residue.

Folding the dry ingredients into the egg whites

The final step is to fold the dry ingredients into the whipped egg whites. This is where it’s important to be gentle and careful to avoid overmixing the batter. Use a spatula to gently fold the dry ingredients into the egg whites in three or four batches. The batter should be smooth and shiny, with a thick and flowing consistency.

Once you have finished folding the dry ingredients into the egg whites, you are ready to pipe the macarons onto a baking sheet and bake them in the oven. In the next section, we’ll take a closer look at how to pipe and bake the macarons.

Step 3: Piping the Macarons

Once you have prepared the macaron batter, the next step is to pipe it onto a baking sheet. This can be a bit tricky, so make sure you have a steady hand and some patience.

Preparing the Piping Bag

The first step in piping macarons is to prepare the piping bag. You will need a piping bag fitted with a round tip, usually around ½ inch in diameter. You can also use a plastic bag with the corner snipped off if you don’t have a piping bag.

To prepare the piping bag, place it in a tall glass and fold the top of the bag over the rim of the glass. Use a spatula to scoop the macaron batter into the piping bag, making sure not to overfill it. Twist the top of the bag to close it and push the batter down towards the tip.

Piping the Batter onto the Baking Sheet

Once your piping bag is ready, it’s time to pipe the batter onto the baking sheet. Line a baking sheet with parchment paper or a silicone mat to prevent sticking.

  1. Hold the piping bag at a 90-degree angle to the baking sheet, with the tip about ½ inch above the surface.
  2. Squeeze the piping bag gently to release the batter. The batter should spread slightly, but not too much.
  3. When the macaron is the desired size, stop squeezing the piping bag and lift it straight up. The batter should form a peak on the top.
  4. Repeat the process, leaving about 1 inch of space between each macaron.
  5. Once you have piped all the macarons, tap the baking sheet on the counter a few times to release any air bubbles.

If you have any small peaks or bumps on the macarons, use a small spatula or toothpick to smooth them out. Let the macarons sit at room temperature for 30 minutes to an hour to form a skin before baking.

Piping macarons can take some practice, so don’t be discouraged if your first batch doesn’t turn out perfectly. Keep practicing and you’ll soon be a macaron-piping pro!

Step 4: Resting the Macarons

After piping the macarons onto the baking sheet, it is important to let them rest for 30 minutes before baking. This step is crucial for achieving the perfect texture and appearance of the macarons.

Why Resting is Important?

Resting allows the macarons to form a thin, dry shell on the surface, which helps to create the characteristic “feet” of the macarons. The feet are the ruffled edges that form around the base of the macarons, giving them height and texture. Resting also helps the macarons to develop their signature smooth, shiny surface.

How to Rest Macarons?

To rest the macarons, simply leave them at room temperature for 30 minutes. This allows the macarons to dry out slightly, which helps to create the perfect texture. During this time, the macarons will also settle and spread slightly, which helps to create a smooth surface.

Important Tips:

  • Do not skip the resting step, as this can lead to flat, cracked, or uneven macarons.
  • Do not cover the macarons while they are resting, as this can trap moisture and prevent them from developing a dry shell.
  • Make sure to rest the macarons in a cool, dry place, away from any sources of heat or humidity.


Resting the macarons is an essential step in the process of making French macarons. It allows the macarons to develop their characteristic texture and appearance, and helps to ensure that they bake evenly and have a smooth, shiny surface. By following these simple tips, you can ensure that your macarons turn out perfectly every time.

french macaron baking

Step 5: Baking the Macarons

After completing the preparation of the macaron batter, it is time to preheat the oven and bake your macarons. Follow these steps for perfect macarons every time:

Preheating the Oven

Preheating the oven is essential to ensure your macarons bake evenly and achieve their signature crisp shell and chewy interior. Preheat your oven to 300°F (150°C) for conventional ovens or 280°F (140°C) for convection ovens.

Baking the Macarons

1. Prepare your baking sheets by lining them with parchment paper or silicone mats. If using parchment paper, you can draw circles on the paper as a guide for piping the macaron batter.

2. Transfer the macaron batter to a piping bag fitted with a round tip. Pipe the batter onto the prepared baking sheets, making sure to leave enough space between each macaron to allow for spreading.

3. Once you have piped all the macarons, tap the baking sheet firmly on a flat surface to remove any air bubbles. You can also use a toothpick to pop any remaining air bubbles.

4. Let the macarons rest at room temperature for 30 minutes to 1 hour, until a skin forms on the surface. This will help the macarons develop their signature feet during baking.

5. Place the baking sheets in the preheated oven and bake for 15-18 minutes, rotating the sheets halfway through baking. The macarons should be firm to the touch but still slightly soft in the center.

6. Remove the baking sheets from the oven and let the macarons cool completely on the sheets. Once cooled, carefully remove the macarons from the parchment paper or silicone mats.

7. Match the macaron shells by size and shape, and sandwich them together with your desired filling.

8. Store the macarons in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 5 days.

  • Tip: If your macarons are sticking to the parchment paper or silicone mats, try spraying a bit of water underneath the parchment paper or using a silicone mat with a non-stick surface.
  • Tip: If your macarons are browning too quickly during baking, try lowering the oven temperature or placing a sheet of aluminum foil over the baking sheet.
Baking Temperature Baking Time
300°F (150°C) for conventional ovens 15-18 minutes
280°F (140°C) for convection ovens 15-18 minutes

french macaron filling

Step 6: Filling the Macarons

Now that you have prepared your macarons, it is time to fill them with your desired filling. Here are the steps to follow:

Preparing the Filling

Before filling your macarons, you need to prepare the filling. Here are some popular fillings:

  • Buttercream: This is a classic filling for macarons. You can add different flavors to your buttercream, such as vanilla, chocolate, or fruit.
  • Ganache: This is a rich and creamy filling made from chocolate and cream. You can use dark, milk, or white chocolate to make your ganache.
  • Jam: You can use any type of jam as a filling for your macarons. Some popular flavors include raspberry, strawberry, and apricot.
  • Curd: Lemon curd, passionfruit curd, and mango curd are all delicious fillings for macarons. They add a tangy flavor to the sweet macarons.

Once you have chosen your filling, follow these steps to prepare it:

  1. Measure out the ingredients for your filling.
  2. Heat the cream (if using ganache) or butter (if using buttercream) in a saucepan until it starts to simmer.
  3. Remove the pan from the heat and add the chocolate (if using ganache) or flavorings (if using buttercream).
  4. Stir until the chocolate is completely melted or the flavorings are fully incorporated.
  5. Allow the filling to cool to room temperature before using.

Filling the Macarons

Now that your filling is ready, it is time to fill your macarons. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Match up your macaron shells by size.
  2. Transfer your filling to a piping bag fitted with a round tip.
  3. Pipe a small amount of filling onto the center of one macaron shell.
  4. Gently press another macaron shell on top of the filling to create a sandwich.
  5. Repeat with the remaining macaron shells and filling.
  6. Store your filled macarons in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 5 days.
Tips for Filling Macarons
Use a small amount of filling for each macaron to prevent it from oozing out the sides.
Allow the macarons to mature in the refrigerator for at least 24 hours before serving. This will allow the flavors to develop and the texture to soften.
Experiment with different fillings to find your favorite combination.

french macarons


French macarons may seem intimidating, but with the right recipe and techniques, they can be made easily in your own kitchen. Remember to follow the steps carefully and be patient with the process. It may take a few tries to get the perfect macarons, but the end result is definitely worth it.

Tips for Success

  • Make sure to measure all ingredients accurately.
  • Use room temperature egg whites.
  • Sift the almond flour and powdered sugar to prevent lumps in the batter.
  • Be gentle when folding the dry ingredients into the egg whites to prevent overmixing.
  • Let the piped macarons rest before baking to form a skin on the surface.
  • Bake the macarons in a preheated oven and rotate the baking sheet halfway through the cooking time.
  • Allow the macarons to cool completely before filling and assembling.

Final Thoughts

French macarons are a delightful and elegant treat that are perfect for any occasion. With a little practice and patience, you can create your own delicious macarons that will impress your friends and family. So gather your ingredients, follow the steps, and enjoy the sweet rewards of your hard work!

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