How to Make Biscotti: Crunchy and Twice-baked Italian Cookies

How to Make Biscotti: Crunchy and Twice-baked Italian Cookies

Biscotti, also known as cantuccini, are traditional Italian almond biscuits that are twice-baked to give them their signature crunchy texture. These cookies are perfect for dipping in coffee, tea, or dessert wine, and they make a great addition to any holiday cookie platter.

What are Biscotti?

Biscotti are oblong-shaped cookies that originated in the city of Prato in Tuscany, Italy. They are made with flour, sugar, eggs, and almonds, and are twice-baked to give them their characteristic hard, dry texture. Biscotti are typically served with a drink for dipping, as the dry texture of the cookie allows it to absorb liquid without becoming soggy.

Biscotti can be made in a variety of flavors, including chocolate, cranberry, and pistachio. They are also often dipped in chocolate or drizzled with icing for an extra touch of sweetness.

In this article, we will guide you through the process of making classic almond biscotti. We will cover everything from the ingredients and equipment you will need, to step-by-step instructions for making and baking the dough. By the end of this article, you’ll be able to whip up a batch of delicious biscotti that will impress your friends and family.

biscotti ingredients


Dry Ingredients

For this recipe, you will need:

  • 2 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 cup granulated sugar
  • 1 teaspoon baking powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 cup chopped almonds or other nuts (optional)

Wet Ingredients

The wet ingredients you will need are:

  • 3 large eggs
  • 1/4 cup unsalted butter, melted
  • 1 teaspoon vanilla extract

Some variations of this recipe call for adding other ingredients such as chocolate chips, dried fruit, or different types of nuts. Feel free to experiment and make this recipe your own!


If you don’t have all the ingredients listed above, here are some substitutions you can make:

Ingredient Substitution
All-purpose flour Cake flour or pastry flour
Granulated sugar Brown sugar or honey
Baking powder Baking soda (use half the amount)
Unsalted butter Margarine or vegetable shortening
Almonds Other types of nuts or dried fruit

Note that substitutions may affect the taste and texture of the final product, so it’s best to stick to the original recipe if possible.

biscotti instructions

Instructions for Making Biscotti: Crunchy and Twice-baked Italian Cookies

Biscotti are crunchy Italian cookies that are twice-baked to achieve their signature texture. They are perfect for dipping in coffee or tea and make a great snack. Follow these instructions to make your own delicious biscotti.

Preparing the Dough

  1. Preheat your oven to 350°F (180°C).
  2. In a large bowl, whisk together 2 cups of all-purpose flour, 1 tsp baking powder, and a pinch of salt.
  3. In a separate bowl, beat together 2 large eggs, 3/4 cup of granulated sugar, and 1 tsp vanilla extract until light and fluffy.
  4. Add the egg mixture to the flour mixture and stir until a dough forms.
  5. Add 1 cup of chopped nuts or chocolate chips, if desired.

Shaping the Dough

  1. Divide the dough into two equal portions.
  2. On a lightly floured surface, shape each portion into a log about 12 inches long and 2 inches wide.
  3. Place the logs on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper.

First Bake

  1. Bake the logs for 25 minutes or until lightly golden.
  2. Remove from the oven and let cool for 10 minutes.
  3. Reduce the oven temperature to 325°F (160°C).

Second Bake

  1. Using a sharp knife, cut the logs into 1/2-inch slices.
  2. Arrange the slices cut-side down on the baking sheet.
  3. Bake for an additional 10-15 minutes or until the biscotti are crisp and golden brown.
  4. Remove from the oven and let cool completely.

Your homemade biscotti are now ready to enjoy! Store them in an airtight container for up to two weeks.

biscotti variations


Biscotti is a versatile cookie that can be customized to suit your taste buds. Here are some popular variations:

Almond Biscotti

Almond biscotti is a classic flavor that pairs well with coffee. To make almond biscotti, simply replace the lemon zest in the recipe with 1 cup of sliced almonds. You can also add almond extract for a stronger almond flavor.

Chocolate Biscotti

Who doesn’t love chocolate? To make chocolate biscotti, replace 1 cup of flour with 1 cup of cocoa powder. You can also add chocolate chips or chopped chocolate for a double chocolate experience.

Lemon Biscotti

Lemon biscotti is a refreshing and tangy twist on the traditional biscotti. To make lemon biscotti, replace the almond extract in the recipe with lemon extract and add 1/4 cup of lemon juice and 2 tablespoons of lemon zest.

Other popular variations include:

  • Cranberry and Pistachio Biscotti: Add 1 cup of dried cranberries and 1 cup of chopped pistachios to the dough.
  • Orange and Chocolate Biscotti: Add 1/4 cup of orange juice and 2 tablespoons of orange zest to the dough. Replace 1 cup of flour with 1 cup of cocoa powder and add chocolate chips or chopped chocolate.
  • Maple Pecan Biscotti: Replace the sugar in the recipe with 1 cup of maple syrup and add 1 cup of chopped pecans to the dough.

Get creative and experiment with different flavors and mix-ins to create your own unique biscotti recipe!

biscotti cookies


Biscotti is a delicious treat that can be enjoyed any time of the day. Whether you are having it with your morning coffee or as a mid-day snack, these crunchy cookies are sure to satisfy your sweet tooth. Making biscotti at home is easier than you might think, and the result is a fresh, homemade treat that is far superior to any store-bought version.

Key Takeaways

  • Biscotti is a traditional Italian cookie that is twice-baked for a crunchy texture.
  • There are many variations of biscotti, including almond, chocolate, and cranberry.
  • Making biscotti at home is easy and allows you to customize the recipe to your liking.
  • When making biscotti, it is important to let the dough rest for at least 30 minutes before shaping it into logs.
  • Baking the logs twice, once to cook and once to dry out, is the key to achieving the perfect texture for biscotti.

Final Thoughts

If you love biscotti, there is no reason not to try making it at home. With a few simple ingredients and some patience, you can create a delicious treat that is sure to impress your friends and family. Whether you stick to a classic almond recipe or experiment with different flavors, making biscotti is a fun and rewarding experience that is sure to become a regular part of your baking repertoire.

Summary of Key Steps
Step Description
1 Mix dry ingredients together in a bowl.
2 In a separate bowl, whisk together eggs, sugar, and vanilla.
3 Add dry ingredients to wet ingredients and mix until a dough forms.
4 Shape dough into logs and bake at 350°F for 25 minutes.
5 Remove logs from oven, slice, and bake again for 10-15 minutes.
6 Let biscotti cool completely before storing in an airtight container.

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