How to Build a Coin Cabinet: DIY Instructions for Constructing a Custom Coin Storage Unit

How to Build a Coin Cabinet: DIY Instructions for Constructing a Custom Coin Storage Unit

As a coin collector, I understand the importance of having a safe and secure storage space for my collection. A coin cabinet not only provides a functional storage solution but also adds an aesthetic appeal to your collection. However, buying a pre-made coin cabinet can be expensive and may not fit your specific storage needs. That’s why I decided to build my own custom coin cabinet, and I’m here to share my DIY instructions with you.

Materials Needed

  • 3/4 inch plywood sheets
  • Table saw or circular saw
  • Jigsaw
  • Wood glue
  • Clamps
  • Brad nailer
  • Wood screws
  • Drill
  • Sandpaper
  • Stain or paint


  1. Measure the space where you want to place your coin cabinet and determine the dimensions of your cabinet.
  2. Cut the plywood sheets into the desired sizes using a table saw or circular saw.
  3. Assemble the cabinet frame using wood glue, clamps, and brad nailer.
  4. Add shelves to the cabinet frame using wood screws and a drill.
  5. Cut out coin slots in the shelves using a jigsaw.
  6. Sand the cabinet and shelves to ensure a smooth finish.
  7. Stain or paint the cabinet to your desired color.

By following these simple instructions, you can create a custom coin cabinet that fits your specific storage needs and adds a personal touch to your collection. Happy building!

Step 1: Planning and Materials

Building a custom coin cabinet requires careful planning and preparation to ensure a successful outcome. The first step is to decide on the size and design of the cabinet based on your collection’s size and your personal preferences.

Decide on the Cabinet Size and Design

Consider the number of coins you have and how many you plan to add to your collection in the future. This information will help you determine the size of the cabinet you need. You should also decide on the design of the cabinet, taking into account the style of your home and your personal taste. Some popular designs include traditional, modern, and rustic.

Gather Materials and Tools

Once you have a clear idea of the cabinet size and design, it’s time to gather the necessary materials and tools. Here is a list of the basic materials you will need:

  • Plywood sheets
  • Wood glue
  • Screws
  • Wood stain or paint
  • Hinges
  • Locks
  • Wood filler

You will also need the following tools:

  • Table saw or circular saw
  • Jigsaw
  • Drill
  • Screwdriver
  • Sanding block or electric sander
  • Paintbrushes

Make sure to purchase high-quality materials to ensure the durability and longevity of your coin cabinet. Additionally, having the right tools will make the construction process much easier and more efficient.

Step 2: Cutting and Preparing the Wood

Now that you have gathered all the necessary materials and tools, it’s time to start cutting and preparing the wood for your coin cabinet. Follow these steps carefully:

Cut the Wood to Size

Using a table saw or circular saw, cut the 3/4-inch plywood sheets to the following dimensions:

  • Two pieces of 48 inches by 24 inches for the top and bottom of the cabinet
  • Two pieces of 24 inches by 24 inches for the sides of the cabinet
  • One piece of 47 1/4 inches by 23 1/4 inches for the back of the cabinet
  • One piece of 47 1/4 inches by 23 1/4 inches for the cabinet door

Make sure to measure and mark the wood accurately before cutting to avoid any mistakes.

Sand and Finish the Wood

After cutting the wood to the right size, use sandpaper to smooth out any rough edges or surfaces. Sand the wood with a fine-grit sandpaper until it is completely smooth.

Next, apply a wood finish of your choice to protect the wood and give it a polished look. You can use a clear coat, stain, or paint depending on your preference. Apply the finish evenly using a brush or roller and let it dry completely before moving on to the next step.

Once the wood is dry and finished, you are ready to start assembling the cabinet. Follow the next steps carefully to ensure your coin cabinet is sturdy and functional.

Step 3: Assembling the Cabinet

Now that you have all the individual pieces of your coin cabinet ready, it’s time to put them together. Follow these steps carefully to ensure that your cabinet is sturdy and functional.

Attach the Sides and Shelves

Start by attaching the sides to the bottom panel using wood glue and screws. Make sure that the sides are flush with the edges of the bottom panel and that the corners are square. Then, attach the shelves to the sides using the same method. Check that the shelves are level and evenly spaced.

Install the Back Panel

Next, install the back panel of the cabinet. This will add stability to the structure and prevent the coins from falling out the back. Use wood glue and screws to secure the panel to the sides and shelves. Check that the panel is flush with the edges of the cabinet.

Add the Doors and Hardware

Finally, it’s time to add the doors and hardware to your coin cabinet. Attach the hinges to the doors first, then attach the doors to the cabinet using the hinges. Make sure that the doors open and close smoothly and that they are level with each other. Install the locks and handles according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Once you have completed all these steps, your coin cabinet should be ready to use. Take some time to organize your coins and enjoy your custom-made storage unit!

Step 4: Painting or Staining the Cabinet

After completing the construction of your custom coin cabinet, the next step is to paint or stain it. The finishing process is crucial as it not only enhances the cabinet’s appearance but also protects it from moisture and other external elements. Here are the steps to follow:

Prep the Cabinet for Painting or Staining

  • Ensure that the cabinet is clean and free of dust. Use a damp cloth to wipe off any dirt or debris.
  • Apply wood filler to any cracks or holes, and then sand the surface until it’s smooth.
  • Use painter’s tape to cover any areas you don’t want to paint or stain, such as the glass front.

Apply the Paint or Stain

Before applying the paint or stain, ensure that you have the necessary tools and materials, such as brushes, rollers, and drop cloths. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Choose your preferred paint or stain and mix it according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
  2. Using a brush or roller, apply a thin coat of paint or stain to the cabinet. Ensure that you work in the direction of the wood grain.
  3. Allow the first coat to dry completely, and then apply a second coat for a more even finish.
  4. Once the final coat is dry, remove the painter’s tape and any other coverings.

Remember to follow the manufacturer’s instructions when it comes to drying times and other specific requirements. This will ensure that you get the best results possible.

Painting Tips Staining Tips
Use a high-quality paint for a smooth and durable finish. Choose a stain that matches the color of your existing furniture or decor.
Consider using a paint sprayer for a more even finish. Apply the stain evenly and wipe off any excess with a clean cloth.
Use a paintbrush to reach tight corners and angles. Apply a sealer after staining to protect the wood.

Step 5: Adding Coin Storage Features

Now that the main structure of your coin cabinet is complete, it’s time to add the essential coin storage features. This step involves installing coin trays or drawers and adding a locking mechanism to keep your valuable coins secure.

Install the Coin Trays or Drawers

There are many different types of coin trays and drawers available on the market. You can choose the ones that best suit your needs and preferences. Some of the most common options include:

  • Wooden coin trays with felt lining
  • Plastic coin trays with individual compartments
  • Metal coin drawers with adjustable dividers

When installing the trays or drawers, make sure they fit snugly inside the cabinet and are easy to access. You may need to make adjustments to the size and shape of the trays or drawers to ensure a perfect fit.

Add a Locking Mechanism

To keep your valuable coin collection safe and secure, it’s essential to add a locking mechanism to your cabinet. There are many different types of locks available, including:

  • Keyed locks
  • Combination locks
  • Electronic locks

Choose the type of lock that best suits your needs and preferences. When installing the lock, make sure it’s sturdy and can withstand tampering or forced entry.

Tip: Consider adding a backup lock or security system for added protection.

Once you’ve installed the coin trays or drawers and added a locking mechanism, your coin cabinet is ready to use. Congratulations on building a custom coin storage unit that will keep your valuable collection safe and organized for years to come!


Building a coin cabinet is a fun and rewarding DIY project that can help coin collectors keep their precious collections organized and safe. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can construct a custom coin storage unit that meets your specific needs and preferences.

Remember to take your time and carefully plan out each step of the project. Make sure you have all the necessary tools and materials before you begin, and don’t hesitate to ask for help if you need it.

Once your coin cabinet is complete, take some time to admire your handiwork and enjoy the benefits of having a functional and attractive storage unit for your coins. Whether you are a seasoned collector or just starting out, a well-built coin cabinet can help protect your investment and make it easier to showcase your collection to others.

  • Be sure to regularly clean and maintain your coin cabinet to keep it in top condition.
  • Consider adding locks or other security features to keep your coins safe from theft or damage.
  • Explore different design options and materials to create a truly unique and personalized coin cabinet that reflects your personal style and taste.

Thank you for reading this guide on how to build a coin cabinet. We hope you found it helpful and informative, and we wish you the best of luck with your DIY project!

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